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Mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) platforms such as infrared matrix-assisted laser desorption electrospray ionization (IR-MALDESI) are advantageous for a variety of applications, including elucidating the localization of neurotransmitters (NTs) and related molecules with respect to ion abundance across a sample without the need for derivatization or organic matrix application. While IR-MALDESI-MSI conventionally uses a thin exogenous ice matrix to improve signal abundance, it has been previously determined that sucrose embedding without the ice matrix improves detection of lipid species in striatal, coronal mouse brain sections. This work considers components of this workflow to determine the optimal sample preparation and matrix to enhance the detection of NTs and their related metabolites in coronal sections from the striatal region of the mouse brain. The discoveries herein will enable more comprehensive follow-on studies for the investigation of NTs to enrich biological pathways and interpretation related to neurodegenerative diseases and ischemic stroke.

Wang MF Ouyang Y Segura T Muddiman DC